Definition of life:

“Life” is a process of anticipation*) of interaction*) with surrounding processes. (Or anticipation of reality, which reality can be described as The Generic Process*) following The Selective Process*)). Life is a process existing of a conglomeration of processes, which has some capability to adapt to circumstances for which it makes use of knowledge of the repetitive patterns of other processes. Life on earth, stores the knowledge of repetitive patterns in DNA. Life lives on anticipation of the repetitive structures of surrounding processes by means of extrapolation, leading to expectation. Expectation is used to anticipate The Selective Process, increasing the chance to survive within The Generic Process. Expectation is stored in memory. Anticipation of The Selective Process is the difference between living processes and non-living processes. Non-living processes do follow The Selective Process but are not capable of anticipating The Selective Process. Life interacts with other processes by making use of memory structures and receptors. Part of the process of organic life-forms, is to develop generations in order to sustain and develop an unbroken thread of anticipation.  Clarification: this definition of “life” concerns the process in general, it is not addressing the conscious activity of an individual from birth to death, which we also call life or a life. The life we humans live and experience is part of “life” and is as such only the top of the iceberg. Most of the processes which are part of our lives, are beyond our control and are running without us being aware of it, for example the processes within a cell. Yet, all these processes are processes of anticipation or part of a process of anticipation and being built on non-life processes. This means that life’s anticipation is not necessarily an activity in our consciousness, not at all.

*) means; See the appendix.

Elaboration on the definition of life:

There are many characteristics used to describe the distinction between “life” and non-living things. Renewal into new generations is one of them. At the same time it is not easy to make the distinction at all times as there is a grey area where it seems not so evident whether things are living or not. This is the case for a virus for instance. The problem with a virus to call it life is that it doesn’t survive on its own self; it needs a host. According to certain definitions of life this means a virus is not life. Looking at the definition of life in this essay, a virus is life, as it is a process which has some capability to adapt to circumstances for which it makes use of knowledge of the repetitive patterns of other processes. It lives on anticipation of the repetitive structures of other processes by means of extrapolation. It interacts with other processes by making use of memory structures and receptors.

Looking at definitions of life, they are often based on the characteristics of the life forms which we see around us, including ourselves. Characteristics like growth and reproduction. However, the essence of life, the essential characteristic which separates it from non-life, is not evidently to see in life forms, like ourselves, as the essential characteristic is in the origin of life. When looking at processes that we call life and when looking at the sources of these processes, where do processes start to become living processes and where do processes stop to be living processes? It is not always easy to tell. One distinction that can be made is in the interaction between processes. In the case of “life”, living processes, there is anticipation in the interaction with other processes. Non-living processes are acting according to fixed laws of physics, like all processes do, but non-living processes do not have scenarios of cause and effect of their own, stored in memory, like living processes have. A living process, unlike a non-living process, is able to add an extra dimension to the interaction which it has with the laws of physics. While non-living processes do not have any option than to purely react as designed in the laws of physics, living processes do have the option to act differently and get away with it. A living process has some knowledge about the process of cause and effect, The Generic Process*) and is able to react not only on the basis of the previous step in the process of interaction but also on the basis of the expectation of the next step. In case it only has knowledge of one possible next step it has no other option than to do as designed, as programmed for anticipating this one step and in case it knows about more possible scenarios it will “choose” the next action based upon that knowledge and based on the design as programmed. Life does not operate any different than a computer. In the above definition of “life”, a computer is life. It is not organic though. Often we reserve the phrase “life” for organic processes, processes performed in organic structures. In this essay life is not limited to be an organic structure. A computer however, depends on organic life, us, for its source of existence and is therefore part of the organic life process.

Based on what we know about science, we can assume that before life came about, at some point in the process of transformation of energy or The Generic Process*), it happened for the first time that a process started to anticipate other processes. How come, how did that happen? In order to be able to anticipate, memory is needed. How come something like memory is being developed? Is it a logical thing to happen? Why or why not? Under which circumstances is this happening? Is it coincidental? Is the origin of life like a second Big Bang; having an unknown source or cause? Why did it happen or why would it not happen and where did it came from?

I will briefly discuss these matters in the next thoughts. A blogpost on the origin of life is planned to be published later at blogpondering.com.

Life is a process which makes use of repetition of other processes and lives on its anticipation of the repetitive structures of these processes by means of extrapolation. Extrapolation is a way of predicting what will happen next, based on what has happened before. In order for life to do this it needs to have access to a memory structure. The capability for anticipation of a life process, is limited to a certain scope. Changes in circumstances over time will stretch the necessary scope of anticipation and of the necessary adaption, in order for the process to continue. For individual forms of life, like organisms, the capability of stretching the scope is limited which limitation may lead to discontinuing or death. Looking at these life forms over generations, looking at species for example, the ability to stretch the scope of anticipation capability, is increased over generations although not necessarily fast enough to keep up with the speed of change. This is the domain of evolution. Life or actually a subprocess of life, is mortal as it is sensitive for changes in the patterns of repetition which the life process is designed for to anticipate. A life process has a life-time. Individual instances of life, like organs or organisms, degrade, as some parts of the life processes which it is made of, are not capable to keep up with the continuous repetition in patterns of interaction and change, it is dealing with. Even if there is no change in the repetitive pattern, the pattern itself is a continuous cycle of change, a continuous transformation of energy, which a life process has to deal with. All processes, the life process and the surrounding processes are part of The Process of continuous transformation of energy*). As everything is subject to transformation, all processes are having a life-time, a beginning and an end. A process starts as the result of transformation of another process and it ends in transformation into another process. The process of life is a process which keeps on going based on the anticipation it has with the surrounding processes but even if there is no change over time in the pattern of the surrounding processes, the life process itself is subject to change. The life process consists of many processes of repetition, working together, all of it being transformation of energy or interaction of ΔF*). Apparently the continuous cycling of repetitive processes as it surrounds us, is not inert, as some of the transformation will leak energy to (interact with) the surrounding processes. During the course of this, change is inescapable. In order to keep the life process from being discontinued, renewal is established by regeneration. Aging happens because processes which seem to have a continuous character are in fact being rebuild continuously, at the elementary level of ΔF with process speed c even. This means as well, a continuous rebuild of the interaction between processes within the context. Aging happens when the interaction over time cannot be sustained for 100% at all times. In this situation the interaction will incorporate change, which the process cannot be 100% adapted to over time, resulting in aging.

A thought is a mental process which is derived from physics, it is built on physical processes following the laws of nature. It is built on the reliability of repeating physical structures. The mind is developed in and is working in the field of physical forces of attraction and repulsion, which forces form reliable repeating structures following fixed preferences in a process of continuous development. The mind observes, registers and extrapolates based on reliable repetition of observations. The mind is working under the drive of feelings and uses logic to work to a feeling of preference. Logic is the extrapolation of observation of cause and effect in accordance with the observed patterns of repetition. Logic can result in a trace back in the direction of a root cause or source of the course of cause-and-effect and logic can result in an estimation of what will happen in the future. All this is based on repeating physical structures, on memory and processing power by iterating cycles of input and output. My mind is a process based on this repetition, based on the repeating structures it is connected to, having the purpose to make an estimation of the future, of the next steps to follow. This process is made possible by the repetition of physics. The process of “seeing” the future is called life. Life is a process that is anticipating the future based on repetition of cause and effect.

The driver of these processes which are looking into the future by looking back, and are called life, is a process of, initially at random, reconfiguration of energy, in combination with a process of selection. This combination of the fundamental processes is can be described as The Generic Process*). In The Generic Process, selection is taken place, according to fixed preferences; processes continue (survive) and processes discontinue (or die), resulting in a developing world of repeating structures which are the surviving processes. The preferences result in standards in behaviour caused by fixed forms of attraction and repulsion, resulting in forces. Life is the process that anticipates other processes. For that it needs repetition in the processes it interacts with and it needs memory; resulting in a context of past, present and future.

Life is making use of fixed patterns of transformation of energy which are following the laws of physics. Life seems to have a purpose to develop an increasing capability to interact in anticipation, with the fixed patterns of transformation of energy, in order to adapt and to meet with the standards of The Selective Process and therefor to extend life time. Life is a process trying to stay alive, meaning to anticipate certain repetitive patterns of physics. It does so as a result of the selection which has led to its design, in an evolutionary process. A life ends due to change, which the life is not sufficiently equipped for. Continuous change over time is one of those changes that life can only be equipped for until a certain amount. Non-life processes, are repetitive structures following the laws of physics and processes of life are using these repeating and predictable processes of physics to anticipate the course of cause and effect, enhancing the chance for the living process to stay active. This means that the living process is having an advantage in The Selective Process. The Selective Process is responsible for processes to be continued or to be discontinued. Life’s the anticipation of repetitive structures is the equivalent of anticipation of The Selective Process where the structures derive from. Within the given situation of laws of physics and the continuous transformation of energy by The Generic Process, many processes and sub processes are being generated. All processes are subject to evaluation by a selective process represented by laws of physics. Some processes are meeting the criteria, seemingly regardless the changing circumstances, and become generic processes hosting sub processes. The earth rotating around the sun for example. This is because the changing circumstances on earth are not relevant for this particular process to take place and the circumstances which are relevant, do not change much, according to human perception that is. Other processes have a starting point and an ending point which are clearer to see for us, still all is in accordance with the laws of physics. This is true just as well for the earth rotating around the sun. The earth started to do so at some point, but within the time frame of the human process, it always did. A process discontinues as soon as the process does not comply with the laws of physics. However, an exceptional situation occurs when the process at hand, anticipates this and adapts accordingly. The process still needs to comply of course, which it will, because of the adaption. When this mechanism takes place we are dealing with life. The key of life is in this very moment; remaining compliant with the laws of physics through adaption by anticipation, based on recognition of repetitive patterns. It is possible that this very moment, of the dawn of life, occurred once, in an ad random way and from then on became a process that is self-sustaining as it is anticipating the selective process. As long as the anticipation is relatively successful, the process has eternal life. A non-living process, like the earth spinning, may not cease activity easily either but this is not due to anticipation and adaption to circumstances, but due to the circumstances not being reason for the process to discontinue.

The mechanism of the evolution*) of life is selection and survival combined with regeneration made possible by recombination providing diversity. The Selective Process results in diversity caused by diversity in circumstances, resulting in specialism on the level of individual organisms. On the level of populations, selection results in an all-round capability for coping with an existing scale of different circumstances through the availability of diverse specialists. The continuous transformation of energy, The Generic Process, is a process of regeneration. Regenerations of life is established by forming new combinations of existing processes. The design of these life processes, processes of anticipation, is stored and secured in DNA. DNA holds a design which is built as a template for anticipating The Generic Process. The content of DNA is based on recognition of repetition. New generations have additional knowledge on repetitive structures, stored in the DNA. Regeneration of non-life is done by The Generic Process, based on the fixed preferences of The Selective Process, regardless of any stored knowledge of repetition. Living processes have evolved from non-living processes by selection and regeneration. The selection is done by the laws of physics being predictable and the regeneration is done through The Generic Process. The Generic Process is based on elementary repetition. The repetition combined with the predictability of the selective process, enables anticipation of The Generic Process.   

Somehow there is a drive for life processes to stay “alive”, meaning to follow the laws of physics. A possible explanation of how this works is as follows. Transformation of energy, meaning interaction of ΔF*), is taking place continuously as a result of The Generic Process*).  This takes place in the context of fundamentals like The Elementary Process*), The Fundamental Process*) and The Selective Process*). More in-depth thoughts about these fundamentals can be found in the blogpost E=mc2 at https://blogpondering.com/2021/09/24/emc2/  . In a nutshell the fundamentals entail; an elementary building block ΔF, a process of propagation of ΔF, being the engine for all processes, a process which exists of interaction between ΔF in an ad-random way and a selective process which shapes the ad-random interaction of ΔF into processes of repetitive interaction following the preferences of the laws of physics. The processes which follow the laws, are repetitive and detectable. Processes which comply with the laws of physics are “kept alive”, until interaction with other processes interfere. The “will” to stay alive is in the engine of transforming energy, combined with the selective criteria and anticipation on these criteria. The “will” is the result of the selection, it is derived from the selection since without this property of “will”, the process would not be selected for approval. The “will” is a built in reflex as a result of the process of anticipation of The Generic Process. “Will” is the result of a process, which has, like all processes, no reason to stop other than The Selective Process, but with the distinction that the process having “will” has a program built in which makes the process anticipate the preferences of The Selective Process. This may results in a situation in which a process has a sub process which is being stopped by The Selective Process but which does not make the parent process itself stop since the parent process is able to adapt to this situation using its in-built program. This mechanism is regarded as being “will”, the will to live. The evolutionary process of developing through selection by survival is not only working for life but for all processes of transformation of energy. If one can make a distinction in new processes of transformation which are lasting and which are not lasting, obviously the world will be made out of the first one. A process, being a distinct sub process of transformation of energy, does not stop running by itself. Once the process is started there is no reason to stop unless an external impulse will make it stop. This is following the law of conservation of energy. The will to survive and the persistence of life is not so much an effort but is coming from the processes which are in place and do not stop for no reason. Since life forms are conglomerates of processes forming a system, it is possible for the parent process to repair the subprocesses which are being stopped. The instructions for this are in the DNA and the will to do so is in the characteristic of anticipation of The Generic Process. Looking at ourselves as an example, first and foremost, at least in our awareness, the will to survive is in the process of anticipation. This process tells us to adapt when necessary in order to be compliant with The Selective Process but it also gives us a feeling of joy when we succeed and it shows us a future ahead of us to strive for. Secondly and moreover, the complex of processes which forms life is not easily stopped in case part of it is dysfunctional. The other part may still have not received the external impulse to be stopped. When I’m out of breath I’m not desperately trying to breathe because I want to survive, I’m just being confronted with some processes not being optimal and others which are happily continuing what they are doing, leaving me in a state of despair and seemingly trying to survive. Processes seem to have a drive to survive which actually is the fact that processes do not stop without a sufficient external impulse.  

It can be considered possible that it is a matter of chance to have an at random transformation of energy or interaction of ΔF occur, initially, which stays alive for the first time, based on elementary anticipation consisting of repetition and the reliability of the repetition. This would be the building block for life in its basic fundamental form and from there it could evolve into memory and DNA based on the increasing chance of survival, meaning based on an advantage in The Selective Process. But before this can happen certain steps must have occurred first. First there needs to be a fair amount of reliable repetition. Next the building blocks for memory*) need to be available. Key for the process of starting life is the combination of The Generic Process of continuous transformation of energy with The Selective Process which combination is the enabler of all kinds of structures of repetition. Considering that The Generic Process is built on circular processes of interaction based on an elementary process speed of c, which enables countless distinct options for interaction, beyond our capability of imagination and observation, then the start of a living process might be a logical (perhaps inevitable) thing to happen when The Generic Process is combined with fixed preferences of The Selective Process. In other words; when countless distinct processes bombard The Selective Process, thus revealing the fixed patterns of preferences, it can be expected to have a process to unfold for the obvious and to start anticipating the obvious.

DNA is the library of the design of specific anticipation on repetitive patterns of processes. Evolution of life is developing anticipation. DNA is the manual, holding the instructions for the future, based upon the past. The development is in the adaption which occurs when the process of anticipation is combined with the fixed preference of The Selective Process. For a process to stay “alive”, it needs to keep acting according the laws of nature and not to be interrupted in doing this, by interaction with other processes. Therefor the process at hand needs to adapt to the changes in circumstances which do interfere. For the process of humanity this adaption is enabled through regeneration of DNA. Humanity produces new generations more or less every 25 years, on the level of individuals. A selective process is steering the development, while acting on the continuous input of ad random interaction, which is the driving engine and fuel for the process. The resulting distinct selection is based on survival, on staying alive, which is the same as being compliant to the laws of physics, not so much as an organism but as a process of nature. As an example; a person can walk up a mountain, going against gravity. The average non-living process cannot do this. (Except for the mountain itself when it was created by a process which was stronger than the force of gravity.) Walking up a mountain is made possible by the anticipation of the sequence of steps involved to do so, in the process of cause-and-effect. In general, the laws of physics result in sets of forces, which shape the world of cause-and-effect that we see around us. Gravity is one of the forces that is part of these sets. Overcoming the force of gravity means changing the balance which is present in the set of forces at work, in such a way that the force of gravity in that set is overpowered. Walking up the mountain is still in compliancy with the laws of physics, obviously, but the process of walking up the mountain is made possible by inside information on the default balance of forces and the knowledge on how to manipulate this balance. Walking up the mountain is possible because the process has inside information on the relevant laws of physics and therefor has certain knowledge of what to expect for the next steps of cause and effect to happen. This counts for the person who is walking up the mountain and for all the internal sub processes of the body of this person just as well. The knowledge of what to expect for the next steps of cause and effect is not just an awareness of the person climbing up the mountain but more accurately stated, it is incorporated in the system of the organism as a whole, as it is built-in in order to anticipate these steps.

Any process starts as transforming energy or interaction of ΔF,  following laws of physics and being part of the overall process of cause and effect; The Generic Process. As long as the process is doing this, in accordance with the preferences of The Selective Process, there is no reason for it to stop. Any process “wants to stay alive” in accordance with the drive that made it start in the first place. One can make a comparison with the well-known process of falling dominoes. The process will continue, but falling dominoes can easily stop falling because of a flaw in the process. As soon as the process is not complying with the laws of physics for this particular case of cause and effect, it will be stopped. If this example of dominoes was a life process, it may adapt to the situation and possibly continue. If not disturbed by external interacting ΔF, a process keeps going like it was started, being driven by The Elementary and Fundamental Processes. The transformation of energy or interaction of ΔF, is a continuous constant of change resulting in an endless chain of cause and effect. It introduces continuous change of circumstances for processes and at the same time it shows patterns of repetition as a result of an unchanging, fixed preference in The Selective Process, as we see in the laws of nature. Thus the world unfolds itself, being a process following the fixed laws of nature, comparable with a show of fireworks in the night sky, the fireworks following cause and effect, showing a predictable result of light patterns in the sky.

Any process of transformation of energy or interaction of ΔF that we know of, is a process of repetition and is the result of a passive adaption to The Selective Process. Passive adaption is taken place when ad random interaction is filtered by The Selective Process, resulting in a world of cause-and-effect, unfolding by the laws of physics. Life processes are actively adapting to The Selective Process. Life is like a stock broker with foreknowledge of the future of companies, in which case the stock broker will have a clear idea what to do with the stock market.  

A living organism is a complex of processes working together as a system unit, like being a little universe by itself. The origin of life is in the moment that a process of transformation of energy or interaction of ΔF, is started on top of an existing and lasting process of repetition. The process of life is like a symbiosis between non-life processes, using an existing repetitive process as a “best practice” and contributes to it based on anticipation of The Generic and Selective Process. The origin of life is in the creation of memory, being the storage for the pattern of repetition of the initial existing process and which is accessed to be used for anticipation by the process of life. The origin of life is in the creation of a structure which holds the information of the existing repetition, all made by The Generic Process of transformation of energy or interaction of ΔF, in combination with The Selective Process. The driver for the synthesis of memory is The Selective Process. Memory creates increasing adaptive capabilities for the life process making use of anticipation (a view on the future), which is leading to an increased level of survival of the process, meaning compliancy with The Selective Process. The reason for the starting point of life is unclear but is expected to be the result of cause and effect and may be the result of initial ad random continuous transformation of energy or interaction of ΔF, being steered in a particular direction by the moulding of The Selective Process. The transformation of energy or interaction of ΔF, may be ad random in the first stage, existing of The Elementary and Fundamental Processes, being the engine, and from there it is developing by The Selective Process, in a certain direction forming structures upon structures. Structures like successively an atom with a single proton, atoms with more protons, molecular structures made out of atoms, material structures of distinct molecules, material structures of diverse molecules, structures of organic material having memory structures, structures like single cells, structures having structures of multiple cells, structures having multiple structures of diverse cells. The (relatively) amazing complexity of certain life forms stems from the structure of a cell and its capability to split itself into two cells. All structures are based upon repetition, or more accurately put, at least all observational structures are based upon repetition. Life is a process that adapts to and connects to surrounding processes in anticipation of repetition in the processes. Life acts like an aerialist reaching out and catching another aerialist in the air. Life is a process which acts having knowledge of the situation it is acting in.

The difference between life and non-life is that life can act within more than one scenarios of the course of cause and effect. For non-life processes there are no options, they are just being part of the course of cause and effect. Life processes do have options in how they act. Life processes act differently, depending on the parameter settings in their context. This facilitates adaptation and is designed using inside knowledge of the next steps to be expected, knowledge of cause and effect. Life is like a game of chess; in order to survive, every move is made with anticipation of the possible options for the next move. Life is designed for its capability to adapt, increasing the chance of survival. While the world around the life process unfolds inescapably following cause and effect, the life process continuously adapts to circumstances of cause and effect, enabled by some recognition of the inescapability of cause and effect. The life process is in a constant state of some sort of disagreement with The Selective Process. As non-life processes would die immediately in such conditions, life processes manage to survive as long as they are able to sufficiently adapt to The Selective Process. This describes “the struggle for life”.

Life is a process hovering over the existing non-life processes, playing with these processes in a game of anticipation of The Generic- and Selective Process. Life combines non-life processes into a system of cooperating processes. In the life process, a structure is built in, which enables anticipation. The key of this mechanism is memory along with processing power and sensors. Together these are respectively enabling the process to deal with past, present and future. A life process does not only operate in one point in time but it operates in the context of a time span which is made possible by the repetitive nature of its surroundings together with the knowledge on this repetition. During this time span there can be several or many options of what will happen next. The options which are available for the process of life is not an arbitrary choice to be made, meaning that the distinct choices are indeed limited in count and are depending on what is stored in memory. The options are the several courses of cause and effect which are part of the surrounding processes that the life process is able to connect with and which are known in memory. The available choices to be made by the life process are determined by the patterns of repetition which are stored in memory.

Life is the introduction of parameters in physics. A parameter is a placeholder in memory for a value which value can be variable and which interacts distinctively with the process of anticipation. A parameter can be filled with multiple unique values having distinct consequences for the process to follow. For example; when it is hot, we sweat and when it is cold, we shiver. Depending on the temperature our heartbeat will adjust. We, as a life process, adapt differently depending on the value of parameters regarding temperature. Life introduces subprocesses which operate within the framework of the laws of physics but which are not as rigid, since the processes can anticipate by means of having multiple distinct reactions ready to perform, depending on more than one possibility in the parameter value. The handling of multiple options, is often referred to as “choice”, making the subprocess flexible in execution. When it is hot from the sun, we can choose to find some shade and when it is cold outside, we can choose to find shelter indoors. The choice is made based on incentive and designed for optimizing anticipation. Life incorporates new structures of subprocesses into existing structures, new structures having parameter settings which suit the preferences of The Selective Process. Without parameters = alternatives in anticipation = diversity in subprocesses, life is not able to survive. What we call “choice” is the control over which value we give to certain parameters. At the level of organisms like us, the steering of the anticipation is guided by feeling and intuition. We are driven by an incentive*) which is constantly looking for a better feeling and we are able to anticipate on that. The way we feel depends on the state of all the subprocesses that are within us and which ultimately have to comply with the laws of physics and comply with our design of being alive. The concept of “Choice” is a form of dynamic operation of parameter values, contributing in the optimization of the anticipation of the life process.  

Part of our design as living process is incentive. The decision to be made when making a choice, is steered by incentive. The incentive is part of the program, the design, which program is formed by the preferences of The Selective Process. The incentive can be hard-coded or can depend on parameter variables. In case of a relatively simple life process like a virus, I reckon, it is mostly hard-coded incentive which does the steering of behaviour. In the case of man, for example, a preference for specific feelings is an important steering mechanism. Looking at relatively simple life forms like a virus, the options are few. The behaviour of the virus, as acting with options, is relatively predictable. Looking at me as life form, most of the options are predictable but not all. A lot of my behaviour is as expected; I am walking, I am sleeping, I am eating. I have not much choice in this. Yet the amount of information stored in me about the surrounding processes (based on repetition), stored in my DNA as a library memory and in my brain as a random access memory, enables me to interact with the processes around me, with me having a certain capability of predicting the near future. I can see things coming sometimes and often have a fair idea of the possible implications. Not so much because I’m clever, but because I have knowledge of the repetitive patterns of processes surrounding me. Most of this knowledge I’m hardly aware of having, for example the knowledge I have allowing my heart to beat. Without the knowledge which I have in my active memory, residing in my brain, I am like a plant or a patient in a coma. An unborn baby, relies for a great deal on all the information which is stored in the DNA, acting as the basis to survive on, relatively fit for ordinary circumstances. For a new born baby this is also true but gradually memory will play a bigger role. The circumstances do need to include parenting in order for the baby to survive and this parenting circumstances are part of the overall strategy for survival of the process of mankind. The overall process is able to deliver the parenting that is needed, in general. Individuals may be vulnerable but human kind as a whole, has great capacity of adaption and survival, because of the broad capacity for anticipation on circumstances. The Selective Process which allowed the development of the creature that I am, does not only allów me, but practically promotes me, as I am the result of a thorough process of selection. Human development through evolution can be explained by the recombination of DNA particles in the context of a selective process. The development through evolution of processes in general, which do not make use of recombination, can be explained by continuous transformation of energy in the context of a selective process. My relatively extraordinary capabilities of anticipation, compared to some other life forms, is a logical result of the evolutionary process. In this, the brain acts like the executer and control room for the process of anticipation, which is executed by following best practises stored in DNA and memory. 


Life is speculation on repetitive patterns by means of extrapolation. As soon as there are reliable repetitive patterns, it is rewarding for processes to make use of this reliability in order to increase the chance of survival, or in other words, in order to please The Selective Process. That does not explain how a process stárts to anticipate repetition but it does explain how such a process of anticipation is stimulated. The Selective Process will not easily lead to the termination of the living process, as the living process is anticipating the selective mechanism which mechanism allows the repetitive patterns to exist. But how did the initial process of life start? Did it start by coincidence, as an event which randomly happened or is it inevitable or is it perhaps intentional? **) One may see the step of starting a life process, being a process having and using memory, as a step being part of the evolutionary process of transformation of energy or The Generic Process. The transformation is subject to The Selective Process or the laws of physics. The laws of physics are fundamentally a design of fixed preferences of attraction and repulsion. The transformation of energy or interaction of ΔF, can be seen as a dynamics of structures of forces which structures are continuously being restructured. Before the step of starting a life process, having memory, many evolutionary steps have been made already, leading to complexity in structures, going from basic atoms to molecules and structures of molecules. Part of this evolution is the forming of water molecules and oxygen molecules for example. Water and oxygen are patterns of repetition; it does not exist of one molecule but of many. The evolutionary process is typically leading to increased complexity of structures as structures are being formed by combination of existing structures. One new structure is built on the existing structure. The complexity does not come from out of nowhere, complexity is the result of following a path of cause and effect, which can be traced back to an origin, at least in theory; an origin of relative simplicity. The driver behind the increase of complexity in structures is The Generic Process, in which a design of fixed preferences of attraction and repulsion is incorporated, leading to repetitive structures. How does one molecule of water become many? In the same way as one molecule was formed. In which direction are structures being developed? In the direction it is able to, by means of fixed preferences of attraction and repulsion. This way structures are being developed in increasing complexity being structures of collaborating processes. Collaboration consists between processes being specialized in delivering specific output, which is input for the connected processes, thus in togetherness forming structures having increased chance of survival. Survival meaning approval by The Selective Process which selects according to the fixed preferences of attraction and repulsion. Molecules are processes, formed by subprocesses of atoms and particles (also processes of interacting forces), taking part of a bigger process of survival, being compliant with the fixed preferences of attraction and repulsion. Individual molecules may be vulnerable and not capable to survive for long, yet they exist in abundance as they contribute to the bigger process they are part of which process is successful in surviving and developing. Complexity in structures may seem vulnerable, but it answers to the fixed preferences of attraction and repulsion, in specific circumstances; creation being unfold. The vulnerability is relative strength as no other structure is able to survive in the circumstances. At some point in the evolution of complexity, structures of molecules are formed which can act as memory, enabling life. The life process is able to use past (memory), present (observation) and future (anticipation by extrapolation) in its existence, giving it the ability to adapt to circumstances. This is beneficial for survival of the process. The ability to adapt is merely the reason why the process exists. It enables compliancy with the fixed preferences of The Selective Process, which is also a prerequisite for further development of the life process. Life is being developed by the evolutionary process as soon as the earlier steps of evolution have created complex structures to be building blocks for structures like memory and senses. These structures are coming into existence in the same way as their building blocks; pushed forward by the  elementary processes, being The Elementary Process and The Fundamental Process, they are allowed by The Selective Process, according fixed preferences of attraction and repulsion, to be developed. Life is being developed in the direction which is opened by The Selective Process.    

I am a process which tries to survive, but only for the designed life time. At some point I get old, which means I gradually lose my ability to cope with the interacting processes around me. The external impulses take over and start to stop subprocesses which are part of me. At some point in this process, I as a process, will die, perhaps prefer o die, as I run out of options to be compliant with The Selective Process. This is no big loss as it is just how it is supposed to be. I am a generation, a part of a bigger process. My life is not a purpose on its own, the purpose of my life is to keep the main process alive and to be part of its development, the development steered by the Selective Process. The purpose of my life is to contribute to the optimization of the process of anticipation that life is.  

**) There are 2 ways to make a jigsaw puzzle. 1; look at the pieces carefully and determine one by one where they belong without physical trial and error,  instead the trial and error is performed in the mind in a process of anticipation, or 2; pick up the pieces one by one in an ad random way and try whether they fit or not, in a method of physical trial and error. The second way is comparable with the process of cracking a code by trying all possible combinations / possibilities until one combination proofs to give the correct result of cause and effect that allows for the next step to happen. Once the code is cracked it can be used over and over again as it proofs to be approved by the selective process which results in repetitive structures to exist. Once the code is cracked one can use it intentionally for its purposes.

Appendix; Glossary.

“Interaction” is fundamentally what happens when 2 or more forces of ΔF meet or on a bigger scale, what happens when 2 or more processes meet.

Delta F” or “ΔFis the elementary unit of interaction. ΔF is a single elementary portion of deviation, resulting in potential attraction or repulsion and can be regarded as the single elementary entity of our universe, which means that everything is built of ΔF. ΔF is not a stand-alone item, ΔF only exist in the context of a process. ΔF is a delta, an elementary, minimal, deviation, of something we don’t know. The deviation results in a force, in the situation of interaction with other ΔF. The elementary ΔF is being propagated by the Elementary Process and the interaction is the result of the Selective Process. The elementary ΔF can be seen as a unit of elementary deviation having 2 sides being each other’s counterpart, which 2 together add up to a balance, which equals no deviation. The elementary ΔF represents the law of conservation of energy; one elementary ΔF results in a process element of 0 energy, comparable with the sinus shape of a wave; one wave being the result of disruption with 2 peaks being each other’s opposites and as a whole resulting in a balance, representing the original state of 0 disruption. ΔF is like a Janus-face, 2 equal values being opposites that go together as one balance. An elementary delta can be compared with a credit or debit event in a double bookkeeping in which the balance of both sides of the bookkeeping is 0. Attraction and repulsion, or electrical charge, can be regarded as disbalance, an event in the bookkeeping while the bookkeeping as a whole, has a perfect balance of 0.

ΔF is in essence a potential deviation, a delta, which only becomes a force F due to preferences of the Selective Process. The preferences of the Selective Process are able to aggregate ΔF in a way that concentrates deviation or disruption, forming aggregations of processing ΔF, which represent energy, but the aggregated ΔF has its counterparts somewhere, in order to make up for any disbalance, resulting in total representation of balancing 0. Subsystems of the total system, which are in some state of balance, like matter, can be regarded as complicated structures of balancing ΔF, which structures are in fact processes of interaction. The balance, which make up the structure, is in fact an aggregation of continuous subprocesses of disbalance or interaction. The energy that mass represents, is the amount of interaction amongst ΔF, going on in the balanced structure or system that mass is. There is no such thing as particles or mass, other than ΔF or structures of ΔF. ΔF is revealed to us as it is detectable. ΔF is detectable because it is involved in a process of localized interaction in combination with a process of repetition. This means that our brains, in combinations with memory, can recognize it. ΔF can be regarded as the elementary driver for all processes, except for the Elementary- and the Selective Process. ΔF can be seen as an elementary amount of both and either repulsion and/or attraction. What is being attracted or repelled, is ΔF as well, be it as a structure of aggregated confined ΔF, or mass, interacting according to preferences of the Selective Process. The Selective Process consists of a set of fixed preferences, resulting in repetitive diversity, in the shape of aggregations of processing interaction of ΔF. The distribution of ΔF is initially made even by the Elementary Process and made uneven by the Selective Process.

In classical physics, the driver behind movement, is a force F. One can think of a force as the result of a preference, resulting in attraction or repulsion. As such, a force works in a binary-like environment, with balance as a third option. One can regard balance as non-elementary and the result of a combination of 2 elementary parts (ΔF). On the elementary level, there is no balance, only attraction and repulsion. In our world, all is a process or part of a system of processes. The most fundamental “thing” in our world is …. a process. One can say that ΔF is the most fundamental thing and that ΔF is not a process, but ΔF only exists as deviation as a result of a process (the Elementary Process) and ΔF is meaningless to us without a process of repetition (the Generic Process). All we observe is processes built on repetition. A process without repetition cannot be observed, as observation is based on recognition and memory. A process is a sequence of cause-and-effect. One thing leads to another and so on. This happens in fixed patterns due to the Selective Process, which we recognize as laws of nature. The sequence of cause-and-effect is due to the Generic Process. The Generic Process is formed by the combination of the Elementary Process and the Selective Process. The Generic Process can be seen as the continuous reconfiguration of structures of aggregated ΔF or in other words as the continuous transformation of energy or in other words as the continuous interaction of ΔF.  Energy exists of forces, of F. On the elementary level, there is no such thing as F, being a steady force. On the elementary level, there is continuous change; ΔF. ΔF can be seen as the result of a process of continuous switching from a deviation to the opposite and back, comparable with AC power. One can think of the elementary level of things, as a process of continuous interaction between ΔF, with ΔF being the elementary building block for F and ΔF being the smallest portion of deviation resulting in the smallest portion of preference (F). This Generic Process acts in the context of the law of conservation of energy and with a process speed of c, the c from  E=mc2. The driver of the continuity is the Elementary Process which can be seen as a process of propagation of ΔF. The Selective Process takes the ΔF from the Elementary Process as input and shapes the elementary ΔF into a variety of structures, according fixed preferences, which we call the laws of physics.

Distinct ΔF can result in attraction or repulsion. ΔF has a dualistic character, the nature of which depends on the situation, on the type of interaction. An example of distinct ΔF is a photon. A photon of light can be absorbed or reflected, depending on the situation, on the type of interaction. The behavior of the photon however, is consistent. Depending on the type of interaction, a photon of light will always be absorbed or reflected in the same manner. It is the Selective Process which is in the lead, not the photon. According to quantum mechanics, a photon has another dualistic character, being both particle and wave. The photon(electromagnetic = dualistic) wave looks like the waves we know in media like sound waves or waves in water, but light is not necessarily propagated in a medium like air or water. In that sense, the wave is its own medium; a particle called a photon. This particle describes a wave pattern. The wave pattern is due to a sequential propagating process in combination with a rotating process, which combination results in a helix. The particle is an elementary ΔF, having a frequency of interchanging deviation (potential attraction and repulsion), which is propagated with speed c.  

A chair, is a process but we see a chair as the product of the process. What we see is somewhat comparable with a hologram. When we see a hologram we realize that the image we see, is a trick of light. Likewise the chair that we see is a kind of trick of light, but we do not realize it. The trick of light of the chair, reveals to us a chair-shaped process of ΔF. We see the chair, as the light bounces off the chair. The light bounces off the chair, in a similar way as when we touch the chair and find that we cannot penetrate the chair. In both cases the dynamics are due to the repulsive forces represented by the chair. We see the chair as an object, made out of wood or iron perhaps, but in fact it is made out of forces. The chair is made of processing ΔF.

“The Elementary Process” is a process of generating and propagating elementary ΔF. The Elementary Process is a process which deals with the elementary ΔF, without having any interaction. The concept of “The Elementary Process” is derived from the notion of an elementary building block “ΔF” and the supposed requirement of a source and takes into account concepts as “the law of conservation of energy” and “speed c”. One can think of the process of generating ΔF as a process of duplicating the elementary ΔF. This seems to violate the law of conservation of energy, but not necessarily so. In case the law of conservation of energy only applies to the interaction of ΔF, it is not applicable to The Elementary Process. Actually it probably still is applicable, but it is not relevant. The interaction of ΔF starts to be relevant in “The Fundamental Process”. Generating ΔF or duplication of ΔF is in effect an energy neutral activity, as an element of ΔF has a total energy balance of 0, being the result of 2 opposite deltas. The Elementary Process can be regarded as a binary process. The deltas of ΔF only get their meaning of attraction and repulsion, through The Selective Process, which determines the fixed patterns of interaction and courses of cause-and-effect. What we see as energy, is unbalanced ΔF and aggregation of unbalanced ΔF. As The Elementary Process does not involve interaction of ΔF, the law of conservation of energy is not relevant for The Elementary Process. The Elementary Process is a process of evenly distributed ΔF in its elementary form. Within The Elementary Process, unlike the result of The Selective Process, there is no aggregation or concentration of ΔF, other than radiation. The Elementary Process of ΔF is of a binary character and has no more diversity than one fundamental delta. The Elementary Process does not need energy (being interaction of ΔF) to progress. A process (any process) by itself does not need energy (ΔF), it is the change in the process (interaction) that needs energy. Without interaction, a process can last forever. We do not know of any process without interaction, except for The Elementary Process, which is only visible to us via the interaction of The Selective Process. An example of The Elementary Process, or something closely related to it, is a ray of light or of any other frequency of radiation. Everything we know is a process and everything we know is part of an elementary process which we can refer to as The Elementary Process.

The Elementary Process can be seen as a process without interaction and rather a process of just action, as a driving force, or an engine delivering input for a secondary process which can be seen as The Selective Process and which is responsible for specific interaction. The Selective Process is responsible for the shaping of the initial elementary ΔF into local patterns of repetition which are detectable to us. The combination of The Elementary Process, The Fundamental Process and The Selective Process results in a process of continuous change and the continuous shaping of ΔF into structures of repetition. The combination of the 3 processes is called “The Generic Process”. The Elementary Process produces ΔF continuously, the result being endless repetition of a single elementary delta, being propagated, possibly resulting in what we see as the expanding of the universe.

“The Selective Process” refers to a mechanism which occurs in nature, in which mechanism, fixed preferences or “laws of nature”, determine the course of cause-and-effect, resulting in patterns of repetition due to the consistent nature of the preferences. The patterns of repetition are patterns of interaction between instances of ΔF. An example of a manifestation of the Selective Process is “Natural Selection” in life ecosystems. In fact, all patterns of cause-and-effect are the result of manifestations of the Selective Process. These patterns (being processes) include for example the Chemical Elements, the stars and planets, the wind, the kitchen table, a computer and in fact everything else which we detect as the world around us, including ourselves. It is all these things and all the interaction between these things, that are processes of cause-and-effect, as patterns and structures of repetition, forming systems which are bound by laws of nature. All exists, as revealed to us, because of its repetitive nature, not being ad random and unwed. The driver for all things that are known to us and therefor are to be repetitive and not being ad random and unwed, is the Selective Process. All things known to us, are the result of the shaping of the result of the ad random sequentially binary Elementary Process*). The Elementary Process is regarded as the source of ΔF, the result of which process is input to the Selective Process. The combination of the Elementary Process (via The Fundamental Process) and the Selective Process results into consistent selections of repetition as output. E=mc2 is the result of this combination of processes in which c represents the ad random binary Elementary Process. C2 represents localized cycling repetition, being a constant acceleration or intensifying of local c, instigated by the Selective Process. M is an aggregated amount of these spatial structures of repetition, introducing a 3rd dimension in the repetitive processes forming systems of patterns of repetitive structures, all being compliant with the Selective Process. The Selective Process is responsible for the consistent “laws of nature” as well as the processes which are responsible for the formation of mass. All this in accordance with E=mc2 and the law of conservation of energy.

Interaction is what happens when 2 or more forces (ΔF) meet. The Elementary Process does not facilitate forces to meet. Interaction is due to the Fundamental Process. On the elementary level of ΔF and the Elementary Process, which is a process of repetitive elementary cause-and-effect, having the minimal elementary binary diversity, there is no interaction. What we observe as interaction is the result of filtered ad randomness. Initially, in the Fundamental Process, there is no such thing as preferences in attraction or repulsion. The Elementary Process only propagates elementary attraction or repulsion, in a straight forward sequence of cause-and-effect, as in radiation. The Fundamental Process takes this process one step further by introducing instances of The Elementary Process going in all directions and as a result introducing interaction of ΔF, being of a chaotic ad random character. It is the Selective Process which causes disruption in this chaotic pattern, by introducing preferences in attraction or repulsion, causing aggregation of specific patterns of ΔF interaction. The essential property of the Selective Process is, that its preferences are fixed; they do not change. The preferences of the Selective Process are known to us as the laws of physics. The ad random chaotic patterns of The Fundamental Process are disrupted by the Selective Process but in a consistent manner, resulting in patterns of repetition and diversity, in patterns and structures. The Selective Process acts as a filter which seemingly results in typical interaction leading to typical patterns of cause-and-effect. The Selective Process is not the driver of cause-and-effect, the driver is The Elementary Process together with The Fundamental Process. A sequence of cause-and-effect is not a fixed program as in “if this then that”. Although the sequence of cause-and-effect is following a fixed pattern, the sequence does not follow this pattern straight away; the course of the sequence is due to a filter with a fixed setting which filters ad randomness. In every step of the process of a cause-and-effect sequence, the driver of the process will not go straight away to the next known step, instead the driver, which is the Elementary Process together with The Fundamental Process, will perform the standard processing of ΔF, having speed c, initially not having any interaction or preferences and secondary having chaotic ad random interactions. This is the continuous input for every next step in a cause-and-effect sequence, resulting in the next step once the input matches the filter of the Selective Process. In this time-laps of one step of cause-and-effect to another, due to preferences of attraction or repulsion, disruption of the output of the standard Elementary/Fundamental Process takes place, caused by The Selective Process. In this time-laps a variety of all possible options of interactions of ΔF takes place, until the option is reached which fits the filter of the Selective Process, after which the same happens again in order to get to the next step of the sequence of cause-and-effect. What happens in the time-laps is The Selective Process at work, shaping the ad random interaction of ΔF into fixed patterns of repetition according to fixed preferences. The time-laps needed for The Selective Process to do its work is responsible for the inertia of mass. Movement of mass requires, on the fundamental level, a restructuring of the original structure of processes that mass is, which takes more time and effort (ΔF) for bigger structures of mass than for smaller. Movement of a structure/system of mass, is the equivalent of a rebuild of that structure.

The next level of processing, which is the combination of The Elementary/Fundamental Processes and The Selective Process, is called The Generic Process, resulting in similar interaction of interaction of ΔF into fixed patterns of repetition according to fixed preferences, but not based on ad random interaction as input, but having the patterns of repetition as input. Processing times of instances of The Generic Process are always slower than c, as The Generic Process is having the time-laps as an essential ingredient. That is why all processes of mass can never exceed the speed of c. During the time-lapse The Elementary/Fundamental Processes are at work, as always and everywhere, being a continuous process of propagation of ΔF. During this process, the Selective Process takes the output of the Elementary/Fundamental Processes as input and starts to validate the input on the basis of the fixed preferences. The Selective Process creates a dynamic of interaction between ΔF through specific fixed patterns of attraction and repulsion, filtering out all other options of attraction and repulsion, after the validation. The interaction of ΔF is due to an encounter of an instance of the Elementary Process with one or more other instances of the Elementary Process. The validation process takes time, but not an awful lot in our perception, as the process takes its course with the speed c. The Selective Process can be seen as a disruptive process on the elementary level and as a process organizing the disruption into order, an order of divers groups of structures. The underlying Elementary/Fundamental Processes of binary ad randomness, act with a process speed of c. The interaction we see, is the filtered result of a process of ad randomness, having consistent results forming patterns of repetition. These patterns are formed in a delayed speed of c as the filtering is time (meaning process-time c) consuming. The filtering brings about a selective orchestra of patterns of interaction of ΔF, yielding repetitive structures of ΔF; the formation of mass and the interaction between mass, which we call physics and chemistry. The Selective Process is like a conductor who compiles an orchestra and directs it into playing a specific symphony, being a sequence of repetitive structures.

An example of the effect of the Selective Process is; surface. Objects of mass are consistent structures of attraction. But at the surface of such objects, we normally experience repulsion. Gravity pulls us to the earth’ surface, but we stand on solid ground because of repulsion. In a lake of water we sink, but if we dive in it flat horizontally, we will experience painful repulsion. The dynamics of attraction and repulsion is complex and diverse, but always consistent. Surfaces are manifestations of the Selective Process, showing distinct local interaction of ΔF. We are drawn to the surface of the earth by gravitational force and we are repelled by the surface of the earth so we don’t sink into the earth to be on our way to the center of it. We ourself have a surface as well, which repels the surface of the earth, so when we stand on earth’s ground, the ground does not penetrate our body. Our body is a system of cohesive ΔF processes, of which cohesion is derived from gravity, not earth’s gravity but the gravity of our body itself. The dynamics of the example of us standing on the surface of the earth, is a profound example of selectivity of the Selective Process. The fact that we can walk on the surface of the earth the way we do, is due to the specific combination of attraction and repulsion. The 2 bodies, earth and man, stick together by forces of attraction, which work with relatively long range (the range depending on the amount of aggregation of mass) and which are relatively weak. The 2 bodies do not mix due to forces of repulsion, which forces work with relatively short range, on the atomic level and which are relatively strong within the atomic distance range, making a defense for penetration. The mechanism behind the existence of surfaces is the result of the fixed preferences of attraction and repulsion of The Selective Process.

“The Generic Process” is formed by the combination of the Fundamental Process and the Selective Process and results in a process of continuous organized change and the continuous shaping of ΔF into structures of repetition. The Generic Process is the chain of events, being action and reaction, by cause and effect, which forms reality and space-time, in the past, the present and the future. The Generic Process is visible to us, detectable, where it has repeating patterns. All that we can see as the world around us, exists in abundant plural and behaves in accordance with The fixed patterns of The Selective Process or in other words; in accordance with the laws of physics. Everything we know is part of a process, everything is a process, everything is connected to a sequence of cause-and-effect through interaction. All detectable processes are part of and built on top of the Generic Process, being the result of the Fundamental Process in combination with the Selective Process. There is no such thing as a stand-alone process; all processes have interaction with other processes, as all processes are part of the Generic Process, a process of continuous reconfiguration of patterns of aggregated ΔF. Since there is always some interaction going on, and regarding the law of conservation of energy, there cannot be a perpetuum mobile, except for the system of the Generic Process itself, as a whole, as a single system of interaction.

Everything we know is repetition; in our world, there is no such thing as new, except new combinations of repetition. A possible way of explaining the universe is to see the universe being ruled by 3 processes, together forming one Generic Process; process number 4. Process number 1 is The Elementary Process and is duplicating and propagating ΔF, creating sequential repetition, a process having speed c, possibly somehow expanding the universe. The result of this process can be seen as new, as in newly formed repetition, but “the new” is not present as such in our daily lives. The reason this expanding new universe is not present in our daily lives, is that we exist of matter, being local structures of rotational redirected c, part of the process number 4, The Generic Process. To get from process number 1 to process number 4, we need process number 2 and 3; The Fundamental Process and The Selective Process. The Selective Process uses instances of the result from Process number 2, The Fundamental Process, as input. Process number 2 introduces interaction between ΔF, which is absent in process number 1. The interaction of process number 2 is input for process number 3 which introduces fixed preferences of interaction. This results in repetition introducing repetitive structures of interacting ΔF. The 3 processes, The Elementary Process, The Fundamental Process and The Selective Process together form process number 4; The Generic Process. The Generic Process needs process number 1 as the engine and driving force, process number 2 as source for interaction and process number 3 as the mechanism for introducing structures in diversity. What happens in Process number 1 and 2 is processing with speed c. What is present as visible in our daily lives, is part of Process number 4. The Generic Process is a process of continuous transformation of the result of Process number 1. Process number 3 involves the redirection of c from a single-directional propagating process into a multi-directional propagating process. Our daily lives are happening in the context of process 4, in the context of a 3-dimensional world. Within this Process number 4, the interaction of ΔF is being transformed continuously into a new configuration and at the same time, ΔF is being conserved to the same amount.

The description of the 4 processes just mentioned, is derived from the philosophical quest for the origin of things. Following a thought-experiment of some kind of reversed engineering, this quest leads to the idea of an elementary unit of which the world around us, or at least it’s matter, is made of. The elementary unit in this context is ΔF. In order to defend this idea of ΔF, it is necessary that it is consistent with the description of our daily reality. For this, the description of the 4 processes takes care of the connection between the elementary level of things and our daily reality, in a consistent way. The concepts of The Elementary Process, The Fundamental Process, The Selective Process and The Generic Process, together form a description of daily live physics or reality, while using the concept of elementary ΔF.

The Generic Process, results in iterative processes and in derived repetitive structures of interaction of ΔF.

“The Fundamental Process” is the process of fundamental interaction between the output of instances of The Elementary Process. The Fundamental Process is the process of ad random interaction of ΔF which is the input for The Selective Process. The interaction of ΔF in The Fundamental Process is of an ad random character, the interaction not having specific patterns of repetition. Patterns of repetition are the product of The Selective Process. The combination of The Fundamental Process and The Selective Process results in The Generic Process. The Fundamental Process is the elementary form of interaction of ΔF. The Elementary Process is responsible for the propagation of ΔF but in The Elementary Process there is no interaction between ΔF as it is a one-dimensional sequential process. While the interaction of ΔF is manifested to us by structures of repetition, the interaction of ΔF is also happening in an ad random manner, leaving no structures of repetition. The interaction of ΔF is manifested to us by structures of repetition formed by The Selective Process. Interaction of ΔF formed by The Selective Process is a subset of the interaction of ΔF formed by The Fundamental Process. Interaction of ΔF formed by The Fundamental Process has no structures of repetition unless it is selected as such by The Selective Process. The interaction of ΔF formed by The Fundamental Process occurs as a result of instances of The Elementary Process running into each other. This happens in space where instances of the one-dimensional sequential process of The Elementary Process are scattered in all directions. In this situation ΔF meets ΔF and starts to interact resulting in resonation or annihilation and possible in-betweens. All processing is having a process speed the equivalent of c. The interaction of ΔF in The Fundamental Process is of an ad random character resulting in elementary chaos; there are no patterns of repetition involved. Without the presence of patterns of repetition, The Fundamental Process is not detectable for us. What is detectable for us is interaction of ΔF coming from The Fundamental Process and being processed by The Selective Process to become patterns of repetition of interaction of ΔF.

“Energy” is a measure for the interaction between ΔF.

 “Anticipation” is a process which execution is based on expectation, meaning an estimation of the future, using a stored or programmed sequence or sets of sequences of cause-and-effect which have proved to be best practices in certain specific forms of interaction between processes and therefor are subject to expectation under applicable circumstances. In this essay anticipation is used in the meaning of anticipating the course of cause-and-effect of The Generic Process, specifically in the interaction between surrounding processes. Anticipating The Generic Process is in effect the equivalent of anticipation of The Selective Process. Anticipation is typically capable of handling several optional scenarios, by the use of parameters.

“Incentive” is a motivating, stimulating reward that drives behaviour or it is a reason for specific action or a leading argument for a choice. An example of an incentive is the bonus an employee can get provided a certain achievement is made. People have their incentives derived from the feelings they prefer, which feelings are the fundamental incentives for people’s behaviour.  On a fundamental level, incentive is a force which determines a specific course of cause and effect.

“Evolution” is the result of the evolutionary process. “The evolutionary process” is, in its fundamental form, a process which results in development towards adaption to The Selective Process*) and when concerning life*), it aims to optimize anticipation of The Selective Process. See for an elaboration on the subject of evolution the blogpost https://blogpondering.com/2022/10/25/evolution/

“Memory” is a representation of past reality which representation is stored in order to be accessed and used to act as input for a process.

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